Lee, Jae-hyuck, & Yong-hoon Son (2016). Stakeholder subjectives toward ecotourism development using Q methodology: The case of Maha ecotourism site in Pyeongchang, Korea. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 21(8), 931-951. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10941665.2015.1084347)
Abstract: Ecotourism needs ecological sensitivity and respect for the ecological culture of local residents. From this perspective, listening to the opinion of local residents, collaborating with the local residents in conjunction with an appropriate governance structure, is of prime importance in ecotourism. However, many ecotourism sites have numerous problems because of conflicts among stakeholders such as local government and local residents. This study investigates the conflicts and the stakeholders’ subjectives in the case of Maha ecotourism site in Pyeongchang-gun, the site of the 2018 Winter Olympic games. Before the analysis, the conflicts seem to be caused by the different attitudes of government officials and local residents’ representatives. From the analysis of subjectives, the difference in attitudes is caused by generation gaps. Young people show relatively uniform attitudes, where different occupation sectors exert little influence. It means that conflicts can be decreased if more opportunities for council participation are allowed. Young people have few consideration about ecology and tradition. The ecological and traditional lessons of the older generation are needed for young people. This study shows that conflicts between development and conservation are caused by the different attitudes represented in different generation, and hence plans for harmonizing different generation should be considered.
Jae-hyuck Lee <email@example.com> is with the Division of Ecosystem Services and Research Planning, Bureau of Ecological Research, National Institute of Ecology, Seocheon, Korea.