Van Eijk, Carola, Trui Steen, & Bram Verschuere (2017, February). Co-producing safety in the local community: A Q-methodology study on the incentives of Belgian and Dutch members of neighbourhood watch schemes. Local Government Studies, 43(3), 323-343. (doi: 10.1080/03003930.2017.1281803) (Link:

Abstract: This study aims to explain citizens’ engagement in co-production activities in the domain of community safety. We use a multiple case study design by looking at neighbourhood watch schemes in Belgium and the Netherlands. We applied Q-methodology to map the opinions of citizens about their co-productive efforts, and to cluster these opinions into co-producers’ profiles. Discussing differences and similarities in profiles enables a more generalised understanding of the reasons why people co-produce. We conclude with some policy-relevant points about incentivation when local governments want to achieve an increase in citizen co-production.

Carola van Eijk <> is with the Institute of Public Administration, Leiden University, The Hague, The Netherlands.