Bashatah, Lina Saeed (2016, Sep-Oct). Q-methodology: What and how? IOSR [International Organization of Scientific Research] Journal of Research & Method in Education, 6(5), 37-43. (Link:

Abstract:In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), little is known about new methods for determining viewpoints about issues. Researchers continue using interviews for qualitative research and questionnaires for quantitative research. This paper explains how Q-methodology was used with educational researchers in order to determine the viewpoints of Saudi participants in KSA regarding a specific subject. As Q-methodology represents a new methodology for many research participants in KSA, I provide an introduction to this methodology that is based on my experience as a Saudi researcher who has used Q-methodology to capture her study participants’ perspectives.

Lina Saeed Bashatah <> is a doctoral student at the University of Manchester (UK) and in the Department of Educational Policies and Kindergartens, College of Education, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia.