Van Iterson Scholten, Gijsbert M. (2020, in press). Western dissensus, non-Western consensus: A Q study into the meanings of peace. In Van Iterson Scholten, Visions of peace of professional peace workers: The peaces we build (Chap 3). Cham, Switzerland: Springer International. (Chapter link: (Book link:

Chapter Abstract: This chapter reports the results from a Q study amongst professional peace practitioners. It introduces five different visions of peace, that are compared along the dimensions identified in Chap. 2. The main argument developed in the chapter is that rather than a (Western) liberal peace consensus, a non-Western consensus can be observed. According to most of the Lebanese and Mindanaoan interviewees, peace is a personal endeavour. The Dutch, on the other hand, are divided over all five visions. The chapter also trims down the seven dimensions found in Chaps. 2, 3 and 4: ontology (whether peace is seen as a process or a goal); domain (whether it is a personal or a political objective), its embedding in individuals or institutions and the scope of a vision. These four dimensions make up the peace cube that is used in the rest of the book.

Gijsbert M. van Iterson Scholten <> is in Political Science and Public Administration, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, The Netherlands.