Van Der Steen, Steffie, Carla H. Geveke, Anne T. Steenbakkers, & Henderien W. Steenbeek (2020, April). Teaching students with Autism Spectrum Disorders: What are the needs of educational professionals? Teaching and Teacher Education, 90, art. 103036. (Link:

Abstract: The academic achievements of students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are usually lower than those of their peers. It is therefore important to know what educational professionals need to provide these students with optimal support. To identify these needs, we applied Q methodology, a qualitative method using quantitative techniques. We found four groups of professionals with different needs. The first group emphasized a need for collaboration within school; the second valued practical suggestions to guide their teaching, the third emphasized gaining more confidence to teach students with ASD, and the fourth group focused on enhancing students’ social and communication skills.

Steffie Van Der Steen <> is in the Department of Special Needs Education and Youth Care, Faculty of Behavioural and Social Sciences, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.