Nikraftar, Tayebeh, & Elham Jafarpour (2020, July). Using Q-methodology for analyzing divergent perspectives about sustainable tourism. Environment, Development and Sustainability. (ePub in advance of print) (Link:

Abstract: The present study is used Q-methodology to analyze the conceptions of different stakeholders (n = 30) including tourists, entrepreneurs, and policy makers about sustainable tourism (ST). The data analysis provided three distinct conceptions, namely context-developer, justice-driven, and tourist-oriented. The most widely held view was context-developer and has the most variance. The findings indicated that ST development policy makers should pay considerable attention to stakeholders’ different perspectives and the potential conflicts between them.

Tayebeh Nikraftar <> is with the Faculty of Entrepreneurship, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.