Katomero, Jesper, Robert Hoppe, & Anna Wesselink (2017, September). Tales of accountability: A Q-method study of discourses amongst Tanzanian members of parliament. Journal of Modern African Studies, 55(3), 423-453. (doi: 10.1017/S0022278X1700009X) (Link: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022278X1700009X)
Abstract: The hallmark of accountability in a democracy centres on the way the elected parliament holds the executive to account. If the parliament does not perform its oversight role effectively, lower authorities would have fewer incentives to do the same vis-à-vis local executives. In this article we therefore ask whether or not different meanings of accountability can be discerned amongst Tanzanian Members of Parliament (MPs). In our Q-method research we found four clearly identiﬁable discourses on accountability amongst Tanzanian MPs: Partycrats; My Electorate’s Advocates; Frustrated Account Holders; and Pragmatic Account Holders. We understand MPs discourses within the broader context of political clientelism and we argue that this combination of discourses, or accountability culture, enables the executive to rule in semi-autocratic ways. Even if opposition parties would obtain a parliamentary majority, this accountability culture stands in the way of achieving greater democratic responsiveness.
Jesper Katomero <email@example.com> is in the Faculty of Behavioural Management and Social Sciences, University of Twente, Enschede, the Netherlands, and the Department of Political Science and Public Administration, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Robert Hoppe <firstname.lastname@example.org> is in the Faculty of Behavioural Management and Social Sciences, University of Twente, Enschede, the Netherlands. Anna Wesselink <email@example.com> is in the Delft Institute for Water Education, Delft, the Netherlands.