Fu, Ya-Lin, Chia-Ling Yang, Shu-Chuan Yu, Yun-Hsuan Lin, Hsiao-Pei Hsu, & Chiu-Mieh Huang (2021, March). Nursing students’ perceptions of menstrual distress during clinical practice: A Q-methodology study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(6), art. 3160. 12 pp. (doi: 10.3390/ijerph18063160) (Open Access: https://doi.org/10.3390/ ijerph18063160)

Abstract: This study aimed to explore the cluster patterns of female nursing students’ perceptions of the effects of menstrual distress during clinical practice. This study adopted the Q-methodology study design. We recruited female nursing students from a college in northern Taiwan. Forty-seven Q-statements were constructed to explore participants’ experiences of the impact of menstrual distress on clinical learning. In total, 58 participants subjectively ranked Q-statements concerning menstrual distress experiences during clinical practice and were classified. After Q-sorting, the subjective ranking process PQMethod (version 2.35, Schmolck, Emmendingen, Germany) was employed for factor analysis. Four patterns of shared perspectives, accounting for 46.6% of the total variance, were identified: (a) influencing clinical learning and making good use of painkillers; (b) responsible attitudes and diversified relief of discomfort; (c) seeking peer support and effect on mood; (d) negative impact on learning ability and conservative self-care. Clinical practice is a major component of nursing education; menstrual distress affects female nursing students’ clinical learning and performance. The exploration of clustering different nursing students’ perceptions may facilitate customized strategies to enable more appropriate assistance.

Ya-Lin Fu <s099@mail.mkc.edu.tw> is in the Departments of Nursing at National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University, National Yang-Ming University, and MacKay Junior College of Medicine, Nursing and Management, Taipei, Taiwan.