Lee, Jae-Hyuck (2021, June). Collaborative spatial planning for blue-green infrastructure using the spatial Q methodology: Case study of Siheung Hojobul Wetland, Korea. Landscape and Ecological Engineering. (ePub in advance of print) (doi: 10.1007/s11355-021-00468-5) (Link: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11355-021-00468-5)

Abstract: Since there are various stakeholders related to water in Blue-Green Infrastructure that perform various ecological functions in a given city, there is a need for a plan to manage their interests and conflicts. Previous studies have verified the spatial preferences of many local residents using techniques, such as the public participation geographic information system, but have failed to show how stakeholders vary in regard to their dependence on water and their different spatial preferences. Therefore, this study intended to discuss the direction of collaborative planning by analyzing the Blue-Green Infrastructure of Siheung Hojobul wetland using spatial Q methodology, finding various stakeholders, and identifying the areas they prefer. The analysis results showed that local residents and environmental NGOs want to conserve middle and upper streams, but ecotourism guides and officials want to develop them for ecotourism, demonstrating a great difference in perspectives. However, they all agreed to develop a lower stream for ecotourism. Although this study has limitations as a single case study, the spatial Q methodology used in this study is significant in demonstrating that the use of the Blue-Green Infrastructure planning method for resident participation can reduce conflicts and encourage cooperation among competing parties.

Jae-hyuck Lee <jaehyuck@kei.re.kr> is in the Division of Social Environment, Sustainability Strategy Research Group, Korea Environment Institute, Sejong, South Korea.

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