Lee, Dong-uk, & Song-yi Lee (2021, April). A Study on Types of Perception of Followership among New Employees in Public Institution Using Q Methodology. Korean Corporation Management Review, 28(2), 151-169. (Korean) (doi: 10.21052/KCMR.2021.28.2.08) (Access: https://doi.org/10.21052/KCMR.2021.28.2.08)

English Abstract: This study classified the types of perception on followership among new employees who have worked for less than one year in public institutions, and examined the characteristics of different types using Q methodology. To achieve research aims, this study first constructed the Q population using existing researches and semi-structured interviews, and set the Q sample of 40 questions. Using purposive sampling, this study selected 34 new employees who have worked in 4 public institutions for less than one year as P sample. Classification of Q sample was made by forced distribution depending on subjective perceptions of those belonging to P sample on the questions along the 11-point scale distribution. Each interviewee was asked to concretely describe the reasons why they agree the most strongly on a specific question, and why they disagree the most strongly on another specific question. The analysis of data using the QUANL program showed that the followership of them can be classified into 4 types. Type 1 is ‘the leading and responsible growth-oriented type’ in which the employees work actively and put emphasis on personal life and growth as well. Type 2 is ‘the private life-oriented type’ in which they prefer not to work beyond their duties, and focus on private lives. Type 3 is ‘the relationship-oriented type focusing on the sense of belonging and sense of alliance’ in which they are highly satisfied with and have high sense of belonging to the http://www.earticle.net institution, and put emphasis on human relations. Type 4 is ‘the work-oriented type emphasizing work principles and evaluation of others’ in which they faithfully work and pay attention to the evaluation of their performance by others. Based on such findings, this study discussed the characteristics of each type and other considerations, and commented on the meaningfulness of this study and limits of it.

Dong-uk Lee <counselor1@keis.or.kr> is in the Department of Studies in Counseling & Coaching, and Song-yi Lee <songyilee@empas.com> is in Dharma College, Dongguk University, Seoul, South Korea.

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