Jackovics, Péter József (2019, December). A különleges mentések és az arra felkészítő katasztrófavédelmi gyakorlatok vizsgálata alkalmazott matematikai és pszichológiai megközelítéssel [Examination of special rescues and disaster preparedness practices using a mathematical and psychological approach]. Doctoral dissertation (Security Sciences), University of Óbuda, Budapest, Hungary.

Abstract: In one of the extreme areas of disaster relief, the rescue organizations that carry out special rescue operations––most of their civil volunteers having gained their knowledge by practicing extreme sports––have an increasingly significant role. Professional-level alpine activity or cave tour guiding has developed from amateur, hobby-like rock climbing or caving, however, there weren’t any professional specifications elaborated for the former activities. Though the activities of the large number of such organizations, in general, are regulated, the safety specifications of the equipment and devices used for rescue, in particular, are not regulated. The methodology and operational procedures of special rescues are not sufficiently elaborated either. The purpose of the study is to provide answers to the issue of safe usability of rope-technology equipment by related Q-sort on equipment-use, make suggestions of improvements. The completed questionnaires have been assessed with various statistical tests, which showed which criteria should be used as requirements by the rescue teams when selecting the safest possible rope-technology equipment. The importance of the research area (The Technical Rescue Operations and for that Preparation for Disaster Management Exercises with Applied Mathematical and Psychological Approach) is emphasized by the fact that it discusses a safety technology topic that is getting relatively less attention, although it is a rather important matter for rescue in emergency situations. The findings listed are necessary for the proper preparation of the members of the rescue teams in order to avoid the unfortunate scenarios where the members of the rescue teams themselves are in danger because of lack of knowledge of the use of the technical equipment. Safety through Organisational Learning methodology (SOL), as a proven tool for supporting organisational learning from safety relevant events, means that an organisation conducts systematic analyses of accidents, incidents or near misses and feeds the resulting experience back to its members using an appropriate reporting or management system. It was the first time that SOL‐methodology was used for Evaluating an International Exercise by European Project. The general purpose of the project was testing SOL as a post‐evaluating procedure for this full‐scale field exercise. The particular purposes of the event analysis were to identify the main individual, group or organisational reasons for, and key technological factors of, the events that occurred. Analysing with SOL allows the identification of concrete alternative corrective actions/measures by which the probability that similar events occur in the future can radically be reduced. Furthermore, such measures help organisational learning, thereby contributing to the development and maintenance of a long‐term, safe organisational culture.

Péter József Jackovics <okf.pvfofelugyeloseg@katved.gov.hu> is head of the Department for Emergency Response, National Directorate General for Disaster Management, Budapest.