Freberg, Karen J., Kristin C. Saling, & Laura A. Freberg (2015). Introducing the Situational Q-Sort to crisis practice and research: Exploring practices and implications. Journal of Media Critiques, 1(4), 35-49. (Access:

Abstract: Crisis communicators face many obstacles while engaging with impacted audiences during a crisis. Communicators must determine when, how, and where to disseminate effective crisis messages. Most research on crisis communication message strategies has involved experiments, content analysis of published media (traditional and social) through monitoring platforms, interviews, and questionnaires. However, the recently developed Riverside Situational Q-sort (RSQ; Funder et al., 2012; Sherman, Nave, & Funder, 2010) provides a novel method for quantifying subjective impressions of any situation. The RSQ as a methodology provides a window of opportunity for researchers as well as an effective tool for practitioners for determining what messages are most effective for a given situation. This paper provides an overview of the crisis communication methodologies already implemented, discussion related to preliminary results using the RSQ (Freberg, Saling, & Freberg, 2013), and best practices and implications for practitioners and researchers to note when implementing this method in their crisis message strategies.

Karen J Freberg <> is in the Department of Communication, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY (USA).