Pyo, Hong Yun, & Jong Hwan Eun (2020, March). Analysis of perception types in the National Assembly budget deliberation. Journal of Korean Policy Studies, 29(1), 233-265. [Korean] (Link:

English Abstract: Congressional budget deliberations are conducted through interactions among legitimately authorized actors. The concrete form of budget deliberation is revealed through the interaction of various values ​​and profit pursuits by subjectively interpreting and permeating the legal system of actors (parliamentarians, bureaucrats, etc.). In this study, Q methodology was used to analyze the subjectivity existing within budget deliberations. Based on 43 statements, Q-sorts were administered to 28 stakeholders involved in parliamentary deliberations. As a result of analysis, four perception types could be distinguished. All types of perceptions are aimed at democratic values, but their specific approaches are different. Type 1 is the “substantive democrat,” which pursues “real democracy” and considers public participation and consequential equality as important. Type 2 is a “parliamentary democracy” type that requires the power and capacity of the parliament to be increased in order to raise the level of parliamentary budget deliberation. Type 3 is a “procedural democracy” type, in which institutional and operational improvements must be made for democratic budget deliberations. The fourth type is the “parliamentary party advocate,” in which raising economic efficiency meets the public interest, and in order to do this, budget deliberation is required based on the capabilities and autonomy of experts and political elites. Through comparisons and post-interviews with the above types, the subjectivity of human beings, which exists behind budget deliberations, is revealed to provide implications for real operations based on similarities among the types.

Jong Hwan Eun <> is in the Co-Existence Research Institute, Korea National University of Broadcasting and Communication, Seoul, South Korea.

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