Burton, Shirley V., Annette L Valenta, Justin Starren, Joanna Abraham, Therese Nelson, Karl Kochendorfer, Ashley Hughes, Bhrandon Harris, & Andrew Boyd (2021, December). Examining perspectives on the adoption and use of computer-based patient-reported outcomes among clinicians and health professionals: A Q methodology study. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association. (ePub in advance of print) (Link: https://doi.org/10.1093/jamia/ocab257)

Abstract: Objective: To determine factors that influence the adoption and use of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in the electronic health record (EHR) among users. Materials and Methods: Q methodology, supported by focus groups, semistructured interviews, and a review of the literature was used for data collection about opinions on PROs in the EHR. An iterative thematic analysis resulted in 49 statements that study participants sorted, from most unimportant to most important, under the following condition of instruction: “What issues are most important or most unimportant to you when you think about the adoption and use of patient-reported outcomes within the electronic health record in routine clinical care?” Using purposive sampling, 50 participants were recruited to rank and sort the 49 statements online, using HTMLQ software. Principal component analysis and Varimax rotation were used for data analysis using the PQMethod software. Results: Participants were mostly physicians (24%) or physician/researchers (20%). Eight factors were identified. Factors included the ability of PROs in the EHR to enable: efficient and reliable use; care process improvement and accountability; effective and better symptom assessment; patient involvement for care quality; actionable and practical clinical decisions; graphical review and interpretation of results; use for holistic care planning to reflect patients’ needs; and seamless use for all users. Discussion: The success of PROs in the EHR in clinical settings is not dependent on a “one size fits all” strategy, demonstrated by the diversity of viewpoints identified in this study. A sociotechnical approach for implementing PROs in the EHR may help improve its success and sustainability. Conclusions: PROs in the EHR are most important to users when the technology is used to improve patient outcomes. Future research must focus on the impact of embedding this EHR functionality on care processes.

Shirley V Burton <burtonsv23@gmail.com> is in the Department of Biomedical and Health Information Sciences, University of Illinois Chicago, Chicago, IL (USA).